Written by:
August 23, 2018
Category: 

Autism & sleep problems: Prevalence

Last updated on September 14, 2023

Research indicates a high prevalence of sleep problems in general, but autistic people seem to be significantly more affected by sleep problems.

Personally, my main sleep problem is sunrise, which keeps interrupting my sleep every day of the week. I try to work around that by sleeping in the hours that the Sun is not apparently present, but every morning we are incongruous once again!


Research from 2005

A study from 2005 indicates the following prevalence rates of sleep problems:[1]A survey of sleep problems in autism, Asperger’s disorder and typically developing children

  • Neurotypical: 50%
  • Autism: 73%
  • Asperger syndrome: 73%

So based on this study, no difference was found between different types of autism in terms of prevalence, but both autism groups were 46% more affected by sleep problems than neurotypicals (NT).

No significant differences were found on severity or type of sleep problem between any of the groups (including NTs), however.


Research from 2015

A study from 2015 that looked at the influence of sleep disorders on the behavior of autistic individuals found the following percentages of individuals experiencing sleep disturbances:[2]Influence of sleep disorders on the behavior of individuals with autism spectrum disorder

Embrace Autism | Autism & sleep problems: Prevalence | diagram PrevalenceSleepDisturbances
Percentage of individuals experiencing sleep disturbances, according to the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC). (Image attribution: Cintia C. Fadini et al.)

The diagram shows the following sub-items of sleep disturbances:

  • DIMS — Disorders of initiating and maintaining sleep
  • SBD — Sleep-breathing disorders
  • DA — Disorders of arousal
  • SWTD — Sleep-wake transition disorders
  • DOES — Disorders of excessive somnolence
  • SHY — Sleep hyperhydrosis

Research from 2017

A study from 2017 that looked at sleep problems in autistic children and children with ADHD indicated:[3]Sleep, chronotype, and sleep hygiene in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, and controls

  • NT: 25.1%
  • ASD: 64.7%
  • ADHD: 63.6%

Here we see lower prevalence rates on average, but also a much more significant difference in prevalence between autism and neurotypicals—in fact, an incredible 157.8% difference!

The research also indicated shorter sleep durations in autistic people compared to neurotypicals.


Embrace Autism | Autism & sleep problems: Prevalence | IconSleepDisturbance

Next: Autism & sleep problems – Causes

References

This article
was written by:
eva-silvertant
Eva Silvertant is a co-founder of Embrace Autism. She is living up to her name as a silver award-winning graphic designer, and is passionate about design, typography, typefaces, astronomy, psychology, and more. Currently pursuing an MA in Psychology. Diagnosed with autism at 25. Also, a trans woman; you may have known her as Martin Silvertant at some point.

Disclaimer

Although our content is generally well-researched
and substantiated, or based on personal experience,
note that it does not constitute medical advice.

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Embrace Autism recognizes and acknowledges the traditional lands of the Indigenous peoples across Ontario. From the lands of the Anishinaabe to the Attawandaron and Haudenosaunee, these lands surrounding the Great Lakes are steeped in First Nations history. We are in solidarity with Indigenous brothers and sisters to honour and respect Mother Earth. We acknowledge and give gratitude for the wisdom of the Grandfathers and the four winds that carry the spirits of our ancestors that walked this land before us. Embrace Autism is located on the Treaty Lands and Territory of the Mississaugas of the Credit. We acknowledge and thank the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation—the Treaty holders—for being stewards of this traditional territory.

A First Nations symbol, consisting of a Sun surrounded by four Eagle feathers.

Land acknowledgement

Embrace Autism recognizes and acknowledges the traditional lands of the Indigenous peoples across Ontario. From the lands of the Anishinaabe to the Attawandaron and Haudenosaunee, these lands surrounding the Great Lakes are steeped in First Nations history. We are in solidarity with Indigenous brothers and sisters to honour and respect Mother Earth. We acknowledge and give gratitude for the wisdom of the Grandfathers and the four winds that carry the spirits of our ancestors that walked this land before us. Embrace Autism is located on the Treaty Lands and Territory of the Mississaugas of the Credit. We acknowledge and thank the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation—the Treaty holders—for being stewards of this traditional territory.

A First Nations symbol, consisting of a Sun surrounded by four Eagle feathers.
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